Corneal & Retinal Health
The cornea is the clear covering of the front of the eye that bends, or refracts, light rays as they enter the eye. For clear vision to occur, the cornea must have the correct shape and clarity to focus incoming light rays precisely on the retina at the back of the eye.
Corneal exams are important because they can determine whether any distortions exist in this portion of the eye. A computerized test called corneal topography can map out the surface of the cornea, alerting your doctor to the presence of inflammation, scarring or astigmatism. A corneal exam can provide information about the health of the cornea and is a valuable diagnostic tool prior to a contact lens fitting, vision correction procedure or corneal transplant.
A healthy retina is essential to maintaining clear vision and overall function of the eye. A retinal exam, also known as an ophthalmoscopy or funduscopy, is the examination of the back of the eye, and includes the following:
- Optic disc
A retinal examination may be recommended if any potential retinal abnormalities were detected during a general eye exam, or for patients at a higher risk of developing retinal conditions such as:
- Macular degeneration
- Retinal detachment
During a retinal exam and consultation, the doctor will perform series of diagnostic procedures in order to evaluate the retina for any signs of disease or abnormalities. These tests may include:
- Visual field test
- Fluorescein angiography
- Fundus photography
- Slit-lamp examination
- Direct and indirect examination
After the examination, the doctor will take the time to discuss the results of the exams, as well as any potential risks of retinal disease. Patient education and understanding is a top priority of our practice, as it often help patients achieve the most effective treatment as they know how to care for their condition.